Quick Answer: Does California Have A Shield Law?

Can a journalist be forced to reveal confidential sources?

The idea behind reporter’s privilege is that journalists have a limited First Amendment right not to be forced to reveal information or confidential news sources in court.

Journalists rely on confidential sources to write stories that deal with matters of legitimate public importance..

What are shield laws generally designed to protect in regards to news media coverage of politics quizlet?

Shield laws protects reporters from having to reveal their sources. There is no federal shield laws, only state shield laws.

Is it illegal to have a shield?

The California shield law applies to both the source of information (“confidential sources”) and to “unpublished information” such as notes, out-takes, unpublished photographs and tapes. … On the other hand, when the prosecution seeks information in a criminal law, the shield law is absolute.

Who do shield laws protect?

Shield law, in the United States, any law that protects journalists against the compelled disclosure of confidential information, including the identities of their sources, or the forced surrender of unpublished written material collected during news gathering, such as notes.

Are bloggers protected by shield laws?

Blogging and Journalism: Extending Shield Law Protection to New Media Forms. News-oriented bloggers have contributed much to the public sphere in recent years. … Under Von Bulow, bloggers would be shielded from disclosing confidential sources and information when they function as journalists.

What is a shield law quizlet?

Shield laws give journalists the right to refuse to testify about information or about the identity of sources of information gleaned during the news gathering process.

Who won Branzburg v Hayes?

Hayes, 408 U.S. 665 (1972), was a landmark decision of the US Supreme Court invalidating the use of the First Amendment as a defense for reporters summoned to testify before a grand jury. The case was argued February 23, 1972 and decided June 29 of the same year. The reporters lost their case by a vote of 5-4.

Why are shield laws important to the freedom of the press quizlet?

A government preventing material from being published. Laws passed by state legislatures that are designed to protect reporters from being forced to reveal their news sources. … Why are shield laws important for the press? The shield laws help protect the reporter from having to reveal the source of their information.

Can a reporter refuses to reveal source?

Federal shield statute. Nope. … Roughly 30 states have passed statutes, called shield laws, allowing journalists to refuse to disclose or testify about confidential or unpublished information, including the identity of sources. The statutes vary significantly from state to state in the scope of their protections.

What is the difference between blogging and journalism?

The major difference between the two is that journalism is just facts, while blogs contain the opinion of the writer. Some bloggers admit that they have to wait for traditional media, or journalists, to post the story because they do not have access to the information before it is public.

What is press privilege?

Reporter’s privilege in the United States (also journalist’s privilege, newsman’s privilege, or press privilege), is a “reporter’s protection under constitutional or statutory law, from being compelled to testify about confidential information or sources.” It may be described in the US as the qualified (limited) First …

What law protects reporters from revealing their sources?

Statutory journalists’ privilege (which provides similar protections to journalists and their sources) has been enacted in various other jurisdictions, including the Commonwealth, NSW, the ACT and WA.

Why do reporters keep their sources confidential?

Journalists rely on source protection to gather and reveal information in the public interest from confidential sources. Such sources may require anonymity to protect them from physical, economic or professional reprisals in response to their revelations.

What state does not have a shield law?

MississippiMississippi has no shield law, but does recognize a qualified privilege. There are no reported state cases dealing with reporters’ privilege and confidential sources, so the extent to which Mississippi recognizes the privilege is not clear.

What is shield law?

Shield laws are statutes that provide journalists either an absolute or qualified privilege to refuse to disclose sources used or information obtained in the course of news gathering.

What laws do journalists have to follow?

When writing a story, all journalists must consider both legal and ethical issues. Laws are in place to restrict journalists from reporting things which may damage or harm other people or organisations. Ethics means doing what is ethically and morally right, regardless of what the law might say.